Audel's Sheet Metal Workers Handy Book. 1942
Index
Abbreviations on aircraft drawings 22
Air conditioning ducts 162-164
Aircraft, blue print reading 14
Aircraft, drawing abbreviations 22
Aircraft, sheet metal work 1-26
Air duct, compound curved reducing elbow. 142
Air duct, compound curved type 142
Air duct, curved offset type 140
Air duct, offset transition type 154
Air duct, rectangular double offset type 150
Air duct, rectangular type 134
Air duct, taper type 138
Air duct, transition elbow type 160
Air duct, twisted type 136, 137
Air duct, two-way offset type 158
Aluminum, alloys 2
Aluminum, characteristics of 2
Aluminum, sheet welding 205
Angle, how to bisect 337, 338
Angle, layout of 269
Angle, measuring instruments 264, 265
Apex of cone 318
Arc, length of 369
Arc of circle with given radius 339
Arc, rise of 370
Area of circle 376
Area of cone, 377,378
Area of cylinder 377
Area of ellipse 377
Area of frustum cone 379
Area of parallelogram 371
Area of rectangular wedge 380
Area of sector 376
Area of segment 377
Area of square 371
Area of trapezium 373, 375
Area of trapezoid 373
Area of triangle 372
Areas, measurement of 370
Ash door opening in boiler 229
Barn, cabinet projection 305
Barn, ortographic projection of 305
Bath tube pattern 85-90
Beading machine 183,186
Bending effect 218
Bisection of angle 337, 338
Bisection of straight line 333
Blue print face 14
Blue print reading 14
Boiler, ash door opening 229
Boiler, fire box layout 238, 239
Boiler, fire door opening 236
Boiler, furnace 233
Boiler, furnace door opening layout of 228
Boiler, furnace layout 235
Automobile engine hood pattern 114, 115
Boiler, furnace plate layout 239
Boiler, outlets, tapping of 230
Boiler, plate edge lines 224
Boiler, plate layout, requirements for 211
Boiler, plate thickness 211
Boiler, plate work 211-242
Boiler, rivet layout 224
Boiler, shell cross section 219
Boiler, shell detail 222
Boiler, shell joint 241,242
Boiler, shell layout, complete 231
Boiler, shell neutral diameter 219
Boiler, shell number of rivets required 220
Boiler, shell plate layout 220
Boiler, shell section 237
Boiler, trial tube sheet layout 232
Boiler, tube required . 232
Boiler, tube separator 240
Boiler, tube sheets 231
Boiler, water leg hand hole 229
Bolt, layout 17
Brake, machine 188
Brass 3
Bumping hammer 8
Automobile engine hood pattern 114, 115
Cylindrical ring, volume of 385
Cylindrical surface shading 284
Cylinder area 377
Cylinder development 41
Cylinder surface 29
Cylinder volume 381
Burring machine 179
Butt and double strap joint. 216
Butt weld, how to make 203
Butt welds in sheet metal 198
Cabinet and isometric axes, comparison of. 296
Cabinet projection, comparison of 299
Cabinet projection 287
Cabinet axes 288
Cabinet projection of a cube 289
Cabinet cylinder 290
Cabinet prism 291
Calculation of cylindrical tanks 10-12
Calculation of diameter 219
Calculation of rectangular tanks 10
Capacity of tanks 9
Catenary with given span 348
Center lines 307
Chalk lines, how to make 212, 213
Characteristics of material 2
Choice of seams 4
Chord, length of 370
Circle 316
Circle areas, difference between 377
Circle equal in area to a given square 347
Circle how to find center of 338
Circle property of 386
Circle sector, area of 376
Circular shears 172-174
Circular wing tip layout 13
Circumference of.circle, determination of 341
Circumference of.circle, how to calculate 368
Circumference of.circle, how to find 341
Circumference rule 193
Cleaning of fuel tanks 6
Cone, area of377, 378
Cone, pattern, scalene type 108, 109
Cone, surface 29
Cone, volume of 381
Conical hood for pipe 94, 95
Construction of pentagon 340
Construction of rectangle with given diagonal 346
Construction of square with given diagonal 346
Compass, extension bar 248, 249
Compass, how to use 272, 273
Compasses 247
Complete layout for boiler shell 231
Copper 3
Corner welds for various gauges 200, 201
Crimping and beading machine 185
Cube, pattern of 61
Current adjustment 202
Curved surface 29
Curves, drafting type 262
Cutting plane 316
Detail of boiler furnace 235
Detail of shell joint 241, 242
Detail of tube and sheet 237
Detail of separator 240
Detail of lower boiler tube sheet 236
Development by radial lines 91-112
Development triangulation 112-125
Development parallel lines 59-91
Development of air conditioning ducts 133-164
Development automobile fender 63, 64
Development bath tube pattern 85-90
Development cap for church spire 92
Development hemisphere 53
Development hemisphere pattern by approximation 57
Development oblique parallelopipedon 36
Development outlet branch of tee-pipe 315
Development pattern by parallel lines 32
Development pattern for 45° cylinder 41
Development pattern five piece elbow 75, 76
Development pattern four piece elbow 73, 74
Development pattern irregular warped solid 52, 53
Development pattern Pan 84
Development pattern pyramid 45, 46
Development pattern tee pipe 65
Development pattern three piece elbow 71, 72
Development pattern two piece elbow 68-70
Development pattern V-branch 66, 67
Development prismoid 33-35
Development run of tee-pipe 314
Development surfaces 307
Diameter, neutral 219
Diagonal, construction of 346
Dimensioning drawings 278
Dinging hammer 8
Dividers, setting for division 225, 226
Division of line into equal parts 337
Dodecahedron, surface of 383
Dodecahedron, volume of 383
Dormer window pattern: 130-132
Double lock seam 6, 7
Drafting curves 262
Draftsman’s scales 255
Draftsman's triangles 253, 254
Drawing a circle 275
Drawing a cube 289
Drawing a cylinder 290
Drawing a line parallel with a given line 336
Drawing and ruling pens 250-252
Foot brake machine 188
Forming machine 174, 175
Four piece elbow pattern. 72-74
Frustum area 379
Frustum cone development 23-26
Frustum cone pattern 24, 96
Furnace, boiler 233
Furnace door opening layout 228
Fuel tank cleaning 6
Fuel tanks 6
Hand groover 8
Hand hole layout in boiler shell 228
Hair spring dividers 248
Hammer, bumping type 8
Hammer, dinging type 8
Hemisphere development 53
Hexagon, construction of 354
Hexahedron, surface of 383
Hexahedron, volume of 383
How to draw 264-286
How to read plans 287-332
Hyperbola 317, 322
Hypotenuse, length of 367, 368
Icosahedron, surface of 383
Icosahedron, volume of 383
Inches and foot table 369
India ink 256
Ink erasers 260
Ink erasers, steel type 261
Inking a drawing 274
Finish notations 16
Fire box layout in boiler 238, 239
Five piece elbow pattern 75,76
Flanges, oblique tapering type 107
Flaring measure pattern 110-112
Flushing tank pattern 59-61
Folding machine 176, 177
Drawing board, adjustable 245
Drawing boards. 244, 245
Drawing ink 256
Drawing instruments 243, 244
Drawing instrument sets 246, 247
Drawing of parallel lines 270
Drawing of straight lines 265
Drawing vertical marine boiler 214
Drawing pencils 257
Drawing pencils hardness of 258
Drawing pencils practical 243-286
Drawing pencils scales 16
Drawing pencils showing title block notations 17
Drawing pencils to scale 276
Drawings, dimensioning of 278
Drawings, general 16
Drilling holes, procedure of 4, 5
Drilling notations 16
Duct pattern 104-106
Duralumin 2
Edge welds 201
Effect of bending 218
Elbow pattern, square tapering type 121 -1 23
Elbow stove pipe 308-313
Elbow table 308
Elbow patterns 308
Elbows, tapering type 101
Electrodes 197
Electrodes, coated type 200
Elementary surfaces 28, 32
Elementary surfaces, development of 59
Ellipse 316, 320
Ellipse area 377
Ellipse construction of 357-364
Elliptical, wing tip layout 13
Elevation of stove pipe 308
Elevation tee pipe 313
Equilateral triangle, construction of 349
Extension bar for compass 248, 249
Gasoline explosions, precautions against 6
Gasoline tank pattern 11
Gasoline tanks 9
Geometrical problems 333-366
Geometrical proportions, table of 384
Graham marine boiler 214
Grooved lock seam 4, 7
Groover, hand type 8
Grooving machine 177, 178
Interior tangent to two unequal circles 343
Irregular curves 263
Irregular polygon. 374
Isometric and cabinet projection, comparison of 299
Isometric projection 295, 297
Isometric projection of cube 297
Lap seam, riveted 4, 7
Lap weld, how to make 203
Laying out angles by T-square 39
Layout of boiler rivets 224
Layout of boiler shell 220
Layout of hand holes in boiler tube sheet 227, 228
Layout of metal bar angle 19
Layout of metal bracket 20
Layout of perpendicular 221
Layout of sheet metal shop 166
Layout of wing tips 12, 13
Leader construction 77
Length of arc 369
Length of chord 370
Lettering 282
Lettering pens 261,262
Lever punches 167
Light gauge metal, welding of 203
Lower circumferential rivet line 220-222
Machine, beading type 183-186
Machine, brake type 188
Machine, burring type 179 I
Machine, folding type 176,177
Machine, forming type 174, 175
Machine, grooving type 177, 178
Machine, seaming type 182
Machine, setting down type 179-182
Machine, turning type 186
Machine, wiring type 186, 187
Machines, sheet metal 165-194
Mansard window pattern 129
Marine boiler, vertical type 214
Marine smoke stacks 97
Mensuration 367-388
Measurement of lines 367
Measurement of solids 367, 380
Measurement of surfaces 367
Measuring wheel 216
Method of laying out longitudinal rivet lines. 223
Method of setting dividers by calculation 42
Method of using chalk line 212, 213
Mitre angles for elbows 76
Mitre line, rise of 308
Oblique cone development 47, 48
Oblique parallelopipedon, development of 36
Oblique tapering flanges 107
Octagon, construction of 355
Octagonal pyramid, pattern of ‘ 93
Octahedron, surface of 383
Octahedron, volume of 383
Offset for a rectangular pipe 78
Offset transition air duct 154
Orthographic projection 301, 302
Oxy-acetylene welding 205
Oxy-acetylene fluxes 207
Parabola 317, 321
Parallel line shading 284
Parallel lines, how to draw 336
Parallelogram, area of 371
Parallelogram, construction of 347, 350
Parallelogram, with given side and angle 350
Parallelopipedon, isometric projection of 297
Pattern, automobile engine hood 114, 115
Pattern, bath tub 85-90
Pattern, box-shaped leader 82
Pattern, cap of church spire 92
Pattern, common and raked brackets 127
Pattern, conical eave 100
Pattern, hood on pipe 94,95
Pattern, connections between oblong and round pipe 117-121
Pattern, square and round pipes 116, 117
Pattern, vent pipe 98
Pattern, cube 61
Pattern, cutting 27-58
Pattern, cylinder 11,96
Pattern, development of hemisphere
Pattern, development by approximation 57
Pattern, development oblique cone.47,~8
Pattern, development pyramid.45, 46
Pattern, development radial lines 44
Pattern, development triangulation47
Pattern, development 45° cylinder 41
Pattern, dormer window 130-1 32
Pattern, five piece elbow 75, 76
Pattern, flaring measure 110-112
Pattern, flushing tank 59-61
Pattern, four piece elbow 73, 74
Pattern, frustum cone 24, 96
Pattern, Mansard window 129
Pattern, mitre on cornice 124
Pattern, scalene cone 108, 109
Pattern, smoke stack 96
Pattern, tapering square elbow 121-123
Pattern, tee pipe 65
Pattern, three piece elbow 71, 72
Pattern, truncated octagonal pyramid 93
Pattern, two piece elbow 68-70,102,103
Pattern, ventilator duct 104-106
Pattern, wedge shape drainer 62, 64
Pattern, V-branch on leader 80
Pattern, V-branch pipe 66, 67
Pencil erasers 260
Pencil, how to sharpen 259
Penciling hints on 273
Pentagon, construction of 340, 353
Pens, lettering type 262
Perpendicular, construction of 221
Perpendicular, how to draw 333-335
Perpendicular, to a straight line 333-335
Perspective drawing 323, 324
Perspective drawing house 329
Perspective drawing prism 326
Perspective drawing projection 325
Perspective drawing view, how to obtain 326, 327
Picture plane 325
Pipe with conical base, pattern of 96
Plan surface 29
Plane of four part elbow 73-75
Plane of stove pipe 308
Plans, how to read 287-332
Plate edge lines 224
Point of sight 325
Polygon, construction of 340, 352
Polygon, irregular. 374
Practical drawing 243-286
Prismold development 33-35
Projection, orthographic 301, 302
Properties of the circle 386
Protractor, how to use 279
Protractors 264, 279
Punching machines, lever type 167, 168
Pyramid development 45, 46
Raising hammer 193
Reading of aircraft blue prints 14
Rectangle with given diagonal 346
Rectangular air duct, curved type 140
Rectangular double offset air duct 150
Rectangular leader patterns 78, 79
Rectangular offset 133-135
Rectangular twisted type 136, 137
Rectangular wedge, area of 380
Representation of dimension lines 15
Right angle, how to construct 335
Rise of arc 370
Rise of mitre line 308
Rivet set and headers., 192
Riveted lap seam 4, 7
Riveting hammer 193
Ruling pens 250-252
Rules and scales 255
Scale drawing 276
Scalene cone pattern 108, 109
Scales 16
Scratch awl 193
Scriber 216
Seam, double lock 6,7
Seam, grooved lock 4,7
Seam, lap riveted. 4,17
Seamer, hand type 182
Seaming machine, operation of182
Seams, various forms of7, 181
Section lining 286
Section of boiler shell 237
Segment area 377
Segment of sphere 382
Separator for boiler tube 240
Setting down machine 179-182
Setting hammer 193
Shading of surfaces 284
Shears, circular type 172-174
squaring type 169-172
Sheet metal arc welding 197
Sheet metal drawings 18-21
Sheet metal hand tools 189-194
Sheet metal machines 165-194
Sheet metal seams 4, 7
Sheet metal size I
Sheet metal welding. 195-210
Sheet metal work 3
Sheet metal developments 59-132
Shell plate 217
Size of drawings 14
Solids, measurement of 380
Spacing with dividers 276
Special wing tip layout 13
Sphere surface 30
Spiral, how to construct 358
Spring bows 248
Square, 252
Square, area of 371
Square, around circle 350
Square, construction of 351
Square, equal in area to a given circle 348
Square, to square taper duct 138
Square, wing tip layout 13
Square, with given diagonal 346
Squaring shears 169-172
Stainless steel 2
Stakes, various 189-191
Steel measuring tape 215
Steel rule, circumference type 193
Stove pipe elbow 308-313
Straight line, how to bisect 333
Surfaces, development of 307
Surfaces, regular solids 383
Table of geometrical proportions 384
Table of inches and feet 369
Tabulated drawing 16
Tangent, construction of 344
Tangent, to circle 339
Tangent, to circle from points without 344
Tangent, to given circle from, any given point342
Tanks, capacity of 9
Tanks, fuel 6
Tapering elbows 101
Tapering flanges, oblique types 107
Tapering square elbow pattern 121-123
Tee pipe, elevation of 313
Tee square 252
Tetrahedron, surface of 383
Tetrahedron, volume of 383
Three piece elbow pattern 71, 72
Thumb tack lifter 260
Thumb tacks 259
Tinners hand tools 189-194
Tinners stakes 189—191
To circumscribe an octagon about a circle 356
To construct an ellipse when axes are given. 357
To construct a spiral 358
To construct hexagon upon a given line 354
To inscribe an octagon ma circle 356
To inscribe circle in square 350
To inscribe triangle 352
To inscribe hexagon in circle 355
To inscribe pentagon in circle 353
To inscribe polygon in circle 352
Trapezium, area of 373, 375
Trapezoid, area of 373
Triangle 316
Triangle area 372
Triangle, construction of 352
Triangle, how to calculate 368
Triangles, 253, 254
Triangles, how to use 267-270
Tube sheet layout in boiler 232,233
Tube sheets for boiler 231
Turning machine 186
Two piece elbow pattern 68-70
tapering type 102, 103
Two way offset air duct 158
Upper circumference rivet lines 223
U. S. Standard Gauge 6
Vanishing point of perspective view 324
Various views, illustration of 300
Ventilator duct pattern 104-106
Volume of any regular solid 383
Volume of cone 381
Volume of cylinder 381
Volume of segment of sphere 382
Warped surface 30, 52
Warped, definition of 30
Wedge shaped drainer, development of 62, 64
Welding electrodes 197
Welding fluxes, precautions when using 208
Welding sheet metal 195-210
Welding wire 205
Window pattern, dormer type130-132
Winged dividers213
Wiring machine186, 187
V-branch pipe patterns 66, 67