ICS The Mechanics Handbook Index
INDEX
Absolute pressures. 26
Alloys. 19
Alternating system. Size of wires for. 239
Aluminum and copper. Properties of. 250
Ampere. 230
Angles or arcs. Measures of. 2
Annunciator system. 243
Anode of an electric battery. 263
Arc lamps. Connections for. 253
Arcs or angles. Measures of. 2
Areas and circumferences of circles. 82-90
Areas, Irregular. 119
Areas, of circles. Table of. 82
Avoirdupois weight. 3
Batteries. Storage. 267
Batteries. storage. Regulation of. 267
Batteries. Various chemical. 263 -266
Beams. Bending moments in. 152
Beams. Cantilever. 152
Beams. Deflection of. 152
Beams. fixed at both ends. 152
Beams. Simple. 152
Bearing of a line. 276
Bearing of a line. Deduced. 283
Bearings for line shafting. Distance apart or. 193
Bell wiring. 241
Belting. 140
Belting. Rope. 209
Belt pulleys. 204
Bending moments in beams. 152
Birmingham wire gauge. 249
Blow. Force of a. 140
Blueprint paper, To make. 175
Blueprints. 175
Boilers. 158
Boilers. (steam). 158
Boilers. (steam) Foaming and priming of. 168
Boilers. (steam) Horsepower of. 168
Boilers. (steam) Inspection and care of. 162
Boilers. (steam) Prevention of scale in. 164
Boilers. (steam) To develop dome of. 158
Boilers. (steam) To develop slope sheet of. 159, 160
Bolts for cylinder heads. 217
Bolts for steam chests. 217
Bolts. Standard proportions of. 22
Booster. 267
Brake. Prony. 260
Bridge. Wheatstone. 270
Briggs or common. logarithms. 32
Cables. Carrying capacity of. 239
Cables. Chain. 14
Cables. Testing of (electrical). 271
Calendar. Perpetual. 327
Candlepower. 236
Capacity. Measures of. 6
Capacity. of cables. 239
Cathode of an electric battery. 263
Center of gravity. 121
Centrifugal force. i21
Chain cables. Wrought-iron. 14
Chains and ropes. 157
Change gears. 178
Characteristic of a logarithm. 33
Chemical treatment of feedwater. 165
Chimneys. 170
Chimneys. Formulas for. 271
Chimneys. Table of sizes of 172
Chord of circle. 116
Circle. Area of. 113
Circle. Chord of. 116
Circle. Circumference of. 113
Circle. Segment of. 115
Circles. Tables of circumferences and areas of. 82-90
Circuits. Derived. or shunt. 234
Circuits. Motor. 253
Circuits. Size of wire for arc-light. 253
Circular pitch. Formula for. 228
Circular pitch. Table of. 116
Circular rings. Area of.
Circular rings. Volume of. 117
Circumferences and areas of circles. 82-90
Clearance. Piston. 216
Coefficient of elasticity 152
Coefficients of expansion. 19
Columns. Formulas for strength of. 156
Commutator. Sparking at. 259
Compass surveying. 276-279
Compound-geared lathes. Screw cutting with. 182
Compound pulley. Formula for. 138
Compression. Table of ultimate strength for. 151
Conductivity. Electrical. 232
Conductor, Direction of motion of. 233
Conductor, Size of. 235-240
Cone. Formulas for. 117
Conical frustum. Formulas for. 117
Connecting-rods. 224
Connections for dynamo-electric machines. 252
Copper and aluminum. Properties of. 250
Corliss engine crank-shaft. 223
Corliss engine cylinder. 221
Corrosion of boilers. 163
Cotters for connecting-rods. 226
Couplings. Flange. 194
Couplings. Flexible. 195
Couplings. Proportions of. 195
Couplings. Shaft. 194
Course of a line in surveying. 276
Crank-shafts for Corliss engine 223
Crank-shafts for high-speed engines. 223
Cross-over tracks. 325
Cube root. 105
Cubes and squares. 106
Cubic expansion. Coefficient of. 19
Cubic measure. 2
Current. Rules for direction of electrical. 232
Current. Strength of. 231
Curves. Deflection angles of. 286
Curves. Degree of. 286
Curves. Elevation of railroad. 311
Curves. of saturation. 256
Curves. Tangent distance of. 287
Curves. To lay out with transit. 288
Curves. To lay out without transit. 290
Curving of rails. 309
Cylinder heads. 217
Cylinder heads. Bolts for. 217
Cylinders for Corliss engines. 221
Cylinders. Formulas for strength of. 157
Cylinders. Proportions of. 216-219
Cylinders. Strongbox for. 228
Cylinders. Surface of. 116
Cylinders. Volume of. 116
Decimal equivalents of parts of one inch. 91
Decimals of a foot. Equivalent in inches of. 91
Declination of needle. 277
Deflected line. 281.
Deflection of beams. 152
Deflections. Tangent and chord. 297
Deflections. tangent and chord. Formulas for. 297
Density. 25
Derived circuits. 234
Designs of machine details. 192
Development of boiler dome. 158
Development of boiler slope sheet. 159
Diagram. Slide-valve. 188
Diametral pitch. Formula for. 229
Diametral pitch. Table of. 230
Differential pulley. . 138
Division by logarithms. 42
Dome of boiler. To develop. 158
Double movable pulley. 137
Draft of chimneys. Formulas for. 171
Drills. Speed of twist. 177
Dry measure. 3
Duty of pumps. 144
Dynamo design. 254
Dynamo-electric machines. Connections for. 252
Dynamo machines. 246
Dynamo wiring. Underwrite rules for. 245
Dynamos and motors. 253
Dynamos, Faults of. 258
Earthwork. Calculation of. 306
Eccentric. 227
Efficiency. Lamp. 240
Efficiency. Motor. 253-260
Elastic limit. Table of. 152
Electric gas lighting. 269
Electric motors. Application of. 261
Electricity. 230-275
Electro deposition. 269
Electrolyte of an electric battery. 263
Electromagnet. Polarity of. 233
Electromotive force. 230
Electromotive force. Formula for. 254
Elements. Table of chemical. 16
Elevation of railroad curves. 311
Ellipse. Formulas for. 115
Emery wheels. Speed of. 176
Engine horsepower. Formula for. 185
English and metric measures. Conversion tables of 7
Equivalent decimal parts of one foot. 91
Equivalent decimal parts of one inch. 91
Evolution by logarithms. 46
Evolution Table method. 103
Exhaust heating.173-174
Exhaust ports. Dimensions of. 217
Expansion. Coefficients of. 19
Exponents. 32
External inspection of boilers. 164
Factors of safety. Table of. 151
Factors Prime. 80
Failure of dynamos. 253
Falling bodies. 120
Feed water heaters. 166
Feed water heaters. Methods of purifying. 165
Feed water heaters. Testing of. 164
Field magnet. 255.
Field magnet. Reversal of. 258
Filtration of feed water. 165
Flange coupling. 194
Flanges. Pipe. 215
Flexible coupling. 195
Flexure. Ultimate strength of. 151
Flow of water in pipes. 147
Fluxes for soldering and welding. 24
Foaming of boilers. 168
Foot. Decimals of a. 91
Force. Formula for electromotive. 254
Force, Magnetizing. 255
Force of a blow. 144
Forces. Resultant of. 137
Formulas. 93-102
Formulas. How to use. 93
Frog (railroad work). 312
Frog Angle. 313
Frog Crotch or middle. 324
Frog distance. 314
Frustum of cone. Formulas for. 117
Frustum of pyramid. Formulas for. 118
Fusion. Latent heat of. 18
Fusion. Temperature of.18 18
G2. Values of. 153
Galvanometer. 271
Gases. Weights of. 14
Gas lighting. Electric. 263
Gauge. Birmingham wire. 244
Gauge. B. & S. wire. 248
Gauge. sizes of wire. with equivalent sectional areas 248
Gearing, Formulas for. 228
Gears. Change. for screw cutting. 178
Gears. To calculate speed of. 142
Gibs for connecting-rods. 224
Gland. 228
Grade lines. 296
Grade, Rate of. 296
Gravity. To find center of. 121
Grindstone. Speed of. 176.
Gyration. Square of least radius of 153
Gyration. To find radius of. 131
Gyration. To find radius of. experimentally. 133
Hangers. Shaft. 202
Heat. 19
Heat. Latent. of fusion. 18
Heat. of liquid. 25
Heating by exhaust steam. 173
Heating of dynamos. 259
Heating surface. Square feet of. per horsepower. 168. 169
Heating surface. Ratio of. to grate area. 168
Helix. Formula for. 1.16
Helix. To construct a. 116
High-speed engines. Crank-shaft for. 223
Horsepower of belts. 140
Horsepower of boilers. 168
Horsepower of electrical currents. 232
Horsepower of engines. 185
Horsepower of pumps. 184
Horsepower of rope belting. 210
Horsepower Theoretical. 184
Hydrokinetics. 145
Hydromechanics. 144
Hydrostatics. 144
Hyperbolic logarithms. 32
I. Values of. 153
Incandescent lamp data 240
Incandescent wires. Underwriters' regulations f:or. 245
Inch. Equivalent decimal parts of. 91
Inches and parts thereof in decimals of one foot. 91.92
Inclined planes. Formula for. 138
Incrustation in boilers. 164
Indicated horsepower of engines. Formula for. 185
Inertia. To find moment of. 125
Inertia. To find moment of. experimentally. 133
Inertia. To find moment of. for various sections. 153
Inspection of boilers. 152
Insulation. Test of. 272
Interior wiring. 235
Involution by logarithms. 4.4
Iron bars. Weight of round and square. 21
Irregular areas. 119
Joint coupling. Universal. 195
Journal box. Design of. 195
Kerosene in boilers. 167
Keys for shafting. Proportions of. 194
Kilowatt. 282
Lamps. Efficiency of. 240
Lamps. Incandescent. data. 240
Lamps. in series (electric light). 253
Lap. Inside and outside. 187
Latent heat of fusion. 18
Latent heat of vaporization. 18
Lathe. Change gears of. 178
Lathe. Compound-geared. 182
Lathe. Simple-geared. 178
Law. Ohm's. 231
Lead of valve. 187
Lead. Weight of sheet. 21
Leakage. Magnetic. 258
Leclanche cell. 244. 269
Legal ohm. 230
Length. Measures of. 5
Leveling. Direct. 292
Leveling. Grade lines in. 296
Leveling. notes. How to check and keep. 294
Leveling. Profiles in. 296
Levers. 136
Linear expansion. Coefficient of. 18
Linear measure. 1
Line shafting. 193
Lines of force. Leakage of. 257
Lines of force. Number of. 254
Lining for seats. 216
Liquid. Heat of. 25
Liquid measures. 4
Liquids. Weights of. 13
Locknuts. 192
Logarithmic table. 50-67
Logarithmic table. Use of. 34
Logarithms.32. 32
Long-ton table. 3
Machine design. 175
Machine tools. Cutting speeds for. 176
Machine tools. Motors for. 263
Magnetic meridian 277
Magnetic permeability. 257
Manila rope belting. 209
Manila rope belting. Weight of. 209
Mantissa of a logarithm. 33
Materials. Strength of. 150
Mean effective pressure. 185
Measure. Cubic. 2
Measure, Dry. 3
Measure, Linear. 1
Measure, Liquid. 4
Measure, Surveyor's. 1
Measure, Surveyor's square. 2
Measures and weights. 1-4
Measures and weights. Metric. 5
Measures of angles or arcs. 2
Measures of capacity. 6
Measures of length. 5
Measures of surface (not land). 5
Measures of volume. 5
Measures of weight. 6
Mechanical powers. 136
Mechanics. 120. 149
Mensuration. 113
Meridian. Magnetic. 277
Meridian. True. 277
Metals. Weights of. 10
Metric and English measures. Conversion table for 7
Metric system. 5
Mil. 235
Mil. Circular. 235
Miscellaneous table. 4
Moment of inertia defined. 125
Moment of inertia of various sections. 153
Moment of inertia. To find. experimentally. 133
Moment of resistance defined. 134
Moment of resistance of various sections. 133
Moments. Bending. 152
Motor circuits. 253
Motor efficiency. Approximate. 253
Motors. Application of Electric. 261
Motors. for machine tools. 263
Motors. Output and efficiency of. 260
Motors. Polarity of. 234
Motors. Underwriters' rules for. 247
Multiple arc. Lamps in. 253
Multiplication by logarithm. 41
Needle. Declination of. 27 1
Neutral axis. 135
Numbers. Prime. 79
Nuts. Proportions of. 22
Oblique fixed pulley. Formula for. 138
Ohm. Legal. 230
Ohm's law. 231
Oil cup. 198
Oscillation. To find center of. 127
Oscillation. To find radius of. experimentally. 133
Output of motors. 260
Packing rings. 224
Paper. To make blueprint. 175
Parallel. Lamps in. 253
Parallelogram. 114
Parallelogram of forces. Explanation of. 137
Passage. Steam. 217
Pedestals. Design and proportions of. 195-202
Percussion. To find center of. 130
Permeability. Magnetic. 257
Perpetual calendar. 327
Pipe flanges. 215
Pipe, Weight of cast-iron. 23
Pipes and cylinders. Strength of. 157
Pipe, Flow of water in. 147
Pipe, Sizes of wrought-iron. 24
Piston clearance. 216
Pistons. 223
Pitch. Formula for circular. 228
Pitch. Table of circular. 230
Pitch. Formula for diametral. 228
Pitch. Table of diametral. 230
Pitch. of bolts in cylinder heads. 217
Pitch. of bolts in steam-chest coves. 217
Polarity of a dynamo. To determine. 233
Polarity of an electromagnet. To determine. 233
Polishing wheels. Speed of. 176
Polygon of forces. Explanation of. 137
Polygons. Regular. 119
Port. Exhaust. 217
Port. Steam. 217
Power transmitted by leather belting. 141
Power. transmitted by rope belting. 209
Powers. Mechanical. 136
Powers. roots. and reciprocals. Table of. 110
Pressure. Mean effective. 185
Pressures. Absolute. 26
Prime factors. Table of. 80
Prime numbers. 79
Priming of boilers. 168
Prismoidal formula. 306
Profiles in leveling. 296
Projectiles. 120
Prong brake. 260
Properties of aluminum and copper. 250
Properties of saturated steam. 29
Proportions of belt pulleys. 204-209
Proportions of off lange couplings. 194
Proportions of journal boxes.195-202
Proportions of keys. 193
Proportions of rope-pulley rims. 211
Proportions of shaft bangers. 202
Pulleys. Belt. 204
Pulleys. Differential. 138
Pulleys. Double movable. 137
Pulleys. Formula for compound. 138
Pulleys. Proportions of. 204-209
Pulleys. Quadruple movable. 138
Pulleys. Rope. 211
Pulleys. Single fixed. 137
Pulleys. Single movable. 137
Pulleys. Speed of. 142
Pumps. Discharge of. 143
Pumps. Duty of. 144
Pumps. Horsepower of. 143
Pyramid Formulas for. 118
Pyramid Formulas for frustum of. 118
Quadruple movable pulley. Formula for. 138
R. Values of. 153
Radiating surface in exhaust-steam beating. 174
Radii and deflections. Table of.298-300
Radius of gyration. To find. 131
Radius of gyration. To find. experimentally. 133
Radius of gyration. To find. for various sections. 153
Radius of oscillation. To find. experimentally. 133
Rate of transmission of electricity. 231
Reciprocal of a number. 108
Rectangle. Formula for. 114
Regular polygons. 119
Resistance. Electrical. 231
Resistance. Moment of. 34
Resistance. Moment of. for various sections. 153
Resistance. of copper wire.251-253
Resistance of derived circuit. 234
Resultant of forces. 137
Retaining walls. 300
Retaining walls. Resistance of. to overturning. 303
Reversal of field 258
Ribs for piston. 224
Ribs for steam-chest cover. 220
Ring. Formula for circular. 117
Ring. Formula for 116
Root. Cube. 105
Root. Square. 103
Roots. Method of extracting. 103
Roots. Table of. 110
Rope belting. 209
Rope belting. Pulleys for. 211
Rope Weight of manila. 209
Ropes and chains. Strength of. 157
Rope Wire 212
Rope wire. Pulleys for. 213
Safety. Table of factors of. 151
Safety valves. 173
Saturated steam. Properties of. 29
Saturation curves (electrical). 256
Scale in boilers. Prevention of. 164
Screw cutting. Change gears for 178
Screw cutting. Formulas for. 139
Screw cutting. threads. Proportion of. 22
Seats. Lining for. 216
Sector. Formula for. 115
Segment. Formula for. 115
Series. Lamps in. 253
Shaft couplings. 194
Shaft hangers. 202
Shafting. Formulas for. 157
Shafting Line. 193
Shafts. Crank. 223
Shearing strengths. Table of. 151
Sheaves for rope gearing 213
Sheet lead. Weight of. 21
Shunt circuit. 234
Simple-geared lathe. Screw cutting with. 178
Single fixed pulley. Formula for. 137
Single movable pulley. Formula for 137
Size of copper wire for circuit. 252
Slide valve. 187
Slide valve diagram. 188
Slope sheet of boiler. To develop. 160
Soldering. Fluxes for. 24
Solders. 20
Sparking at commutator. 259
Specific gravity. Table of. 10
Specific heat. Table of. 18
Specific volumes. 25
Speed. Cutting. 176
Speed. of emery wheels. 176
Speed. of gears. To calculate. 142
Speed. of grindstones. 17 6
Speed. of polishing wheels. 17 6
Speed. of pulleys. To calculate. 142
Speed. of twist drills. 177
Sphere. Formula. 117
Spiral. Length of. 1 i8
Square measure. 2
Square root. 103
Squares and cubes. 106
Standard pipe flanges. 215
Steam chest. 219
Steam chest. chest bolts. 220
Steam chest. chest covers. 221
Steam chest. Heating by exhaust. 173. 174
Steam chest. port area. 219
Steam chest. Properties of saturated. 29
Steam chest. tables. 25
Steam chest. Velocity of. through ports. 219
Steel. Tempering of. 6
Stone. Weight of. 10
Storage batteries. 263
Strands in wire rope. 212
Strap. Eccentric and. 226
Strap. end of connecting-rod. 224
Strength of materials. 150
Stroke of engine.216 216
Stuffing box. 228
Surcharged walls. Pressure on. 305
Surface expansion. Coefficients of. 19
Surface Measure (not. land). 5
Surveying. 276-326
Surveying. with compass. 276
Surveying. with transit. 280
Surveyor's measure. 1
Surveyor's square measure. 2
Switch. 315
Switch. Point or split. 315
Switch. Stub. 315
Switch. stub. To lay out.320 320
Systems. Annunciator. 243
Table. Long-ton. 3
Table. Miscellaneous. 4
Table of chemical elements. 18
Table of powers. roots. and reciprocals. 110
Tables. Steam. 25
Tables. Wire. 247-251
Teeth of wheels. 228
Temperature of fusion. 18
Temperature of vaporization. 18
Tempering steel. 6a
Tensile strength of materials. 151
Tension of rope belting. Formula for. 210
Testing of cables (electrical). 271
Threads. Cutting screw. 178
Threads. Proportions of screw. 22
Three-wire system. Edison. 253
Ton. Long. 3
Tools. Cutting speeds for machine. 176
Tools, cutting. motors for. 263
Torque. 261
Tracks. Cross-over. 325
Track work. 309
Transit notes. How to keep. 291
Transit. surveying. 219
Trapezium and trapezoid. Formula for. 115
Triangles. Formulas for. 114
Triangulation. 283
Trigonometric functions. Directions for use of table of 68
Trigonometric functions. Table of. 74-78.
Troy weight. 3
Tunnel sections. 306
Turnouts. 312
Type metals. 15
Ultimate strength of materials. 151
Underwriters' line wire. 247
Underwriters rules for incandescent wire. 245
Units. Electrical. 230
Universal joint coupling. 195
Useful tables. 1-92
Valve diagram. 188
Valves. Safety. 173
Valves. Slide. 187
Vaporization. Latent heat of. 18. 25
Temperature of. 18
Vapors. Weights of. 14
Velocity of steam through port. 219
Vernier. 279
Vernier. 279
Volt.". 230
Volume. Measures of. 5
Volumes. specific. 25
Water. Testing of feed. 165
Water. Flow of. in pipes. 147
Watt. The unit. 231
Wedge. Formula for. 117
Weight. Avoidupois. 3
Weight. Measures of. 6
Weight. Measures of bar iron. round and square. 21
Weight. Measures of copper wire. 233
Weight. Measures of manila rope. 209
Weight. Measures of sheet lead. 21
Weight. Measures of various substances. 10
Weight. Measures Troy. 3
Weights and measures. 1-4
Weights and measures. Metric system of. 5-6
Welding fluxes. 24
Wheatstone bridge. 270
Wheel and axle. 136
Wheels. Speed of emery. 176
Wheels. Speed of polishing. 176
Wheel work. Formulas for. 136
Width of belts; Formulas for. 140
Wire. copper. Sizes for circuit. 235-240
Wire. copper. Weight of. 238
Wire. gauge Sizes of B. & S. and Birmingham. 249
Wire. rope. steel. 212
Wire. rope. Strands in. 212
Wire. tables. 247-251
Wire. Underwriters' line. 247
Wires. Equivalent areas of. B. & S. gauge. 248
Wiring. Bell. 241
Wiring. Interior. 235
Work. Definition of. 139
Wrist pin brasses. 224
Wrought-iron pipe. Sizes of. 24